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Early Miscarriage – Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

Miscarriage leaves a devastating impact on expecting mothers. You might have a feel of going through a hellish experience. You grow scary about the physical process and get skeptical about if you can conceive once again. In this write-up, we will touch upon symptoms of early miscarriage, what causes it and tips to avoid miscarriage.

WHAT IS MISCARRIAGE?

Miscarriage is losing of pregnancy within the first 20 weeks of your conception. It’s also called spontaneous abortion that is completely different from pregnancy termination by means of medical methods.

WHAT IS AN EARLY MISCARRIAGE?

Also known as first-trimester miscarriage, early miscarriage is experienced in the first 12 weeks of conception. Early miscarriage has the lion’s share of all miscarriages happening throughout the world. In fact, 80% of all miscarriages happen in the first trimester.

Nothing can be more upsetting than losing a baby even in its embryonic stage. No matter at what point of time pregnancy ends in a miscarriage, you need medical attention and mental support to come to terms with such a terrible mishap. Miscarriage comes with a great deal of physical issues and leaves trauma on one’s mind. Continuous support – both physical and mental – is the only way to come out of the problem and start living a normal life once again.

Let’s us now come to the brass talk – Symptoms of Early Miscarriage

Some pregnant women experience no symptoms of early miscarriage. It’s called silent or missed miscarriage. Such type of miscarriage is often diagnosed only after having an USG (ultrasound) scan.

SYMPTOMS

When miscarriage happens in the first five weeks of gestation, it’s called “Chemical Miscarriage”. Such miscarriage occurs so earlier that many women might not have known about their pregnancy.

Major Symptom

Bleeding: Both a miscarriage and a period can cause spotting to heavy flow. If you don’t know about your pregnancy, it’s less likely to doubt that you have suffered a miscarriage. However, after eight weeks, you won’t fail to differentiate between a period and a miscarriage.

If bleeding gets heavier and lasts longer than your typical period, it’s more likely to be a miscarriage. Miscarriage-triggered bleeding can alternate between light to heavy flow and even stop temporarily before a restart.

Due to dilating cervix, cramping due to a miscarriage is likely to cause more pain than typical menstrual cramping. During miscarriage, color of blood usually appears brown – resembling coffee beans – or may even look bright red or pink.

Heavy bleeding with large blood clots or pieces of tissues could mean that it is more than a heavy menstrual cycle. If you need to change your pad or tampon every hour and the trend continues for more than a couple of hours, you should seek immediate medical attention.

Other Symptoms

  • Abdominal Pain or Pain in Lower Back
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea

CAUSES OF MISCARRIAGE

Are you at the higher chances of miscarriages? Well, that can be properly assessed and explained by your gynecologist. However, you should be aware of the causes of early miscarriage so that you can take precautionary measures to avoid such a mishap. Your doctor will also suggest what you should do and don’t in order to experience healthy and happy pregnancy.

  • Chromosomal abnormalities in Developing Baby: Miscarriage due to genetic issues are more common in older women.
  • Poorly Formed Placenta

RECURRENT MISCARRIAGE

Repeated or recurrent miscarriage refers to two or more natural or spontaneous loss of pregnancy.

Causes of Recurrent Miscarriage

Known causes of recurrent or repeated miscarriage are as follows:

  • Genetics
  • Infection
  • Hormonal Disorders
  • Conditions Affecting Uterus
  • Compromised Immune System
  • Structural or Anatomical Issues with Uterus
  • Some Types of Antibodies (For Example, AnticardiolipinAntibodies, Beta-II-Glycoprotein Antibodies and Lupus Anticoagulant)

HOW TO PREVENT MISCARRIAGE

Most early miscarriages occur due to chromosomal abnormalities that are, unfortunately, beyond the control of expecting mothers. There is nothing you can do to prevent a miscarriage. However, a healthy lifestyle before and after conceiving your baby may help. Followings are some effective recommendations on how to reduce miscarriage:

  • Schedule a Pre-Pregnancy Visit
  • Maintain Good Hygiene
  • Eat Well-Balanced Meals
  • Exercise in Moderation
  • Restrict Caffeine Intake
  • Avoid Junk Food
  • Lose Weight
  • Quit Smoking and Drinking
  • Stop Taking Illicit Drugs
  • Control Diabetes and Other Chronic Health Conditions
  • Control Your Stress
  • Make Sure to Stay Up to Date on Immunization

There are other things you should avoid to prevent miscarriages. These are as follows:

  • Avoid exposing yourself to radiation. It will harm the development of fetus. Also give a wide berth to poisons such as lead, arsenic, benzene, ethylene oxide and formaldehyde.
  • Take extra care to ensure safety for your abdomen during pregnancy. Avoid sports that have a higher risk of inflicting injuries. For example, football and other contact sports as well as adventure sports like skiing.
  • Avoid environmental issues such as infectious diseases and X-rays.
  • Make sure to wear your seat belt while driving.
  • Consult your physician before taking any medication. Never take over-the-counter drugs after conception.

WHAT TO DO AFTER A MISCARRIAGE

A miscarriage, even it happens in early phase of your pregnancy, engulfs you with a wide range of emotional issues. It takes a toll on your psychological health. A miscarriage inflicts a wound so deep that only time can heal it. Grief, anger, shock, denial and lack of control besiege you in such a post-traumatic situation.

SELF-CARE GUIDELINES AFTER A MISCARRIAGE
  • Have some rest, especially for the first 24-48 hours. It will give you a chance to recover physically and emotionally.
  • Note down your temperature in the evening for the next one week.
  • You might experience heavy bleeding for a few days, which will get reduced to on and off spotting for up to next 4 weeks.
  • You might feel mild to severe cramping for a few days.
  • Avoid intercourse until bleeding completely stops. Adopt birth control methods for the first month even if you want to conceive soon.
  • Don’t take to smoking or drinking in order to get rid of depression. These will give you some temporary relief from your mental disturbance but won’t enable you to get a handle on your emotional imbalance. 
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Bharat Negi
Hi, this is Bharat Negi Currently I'm working as an Sn. Digital Marketing Executive. 
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