Coronavirus is the latest epidemic to hit the entire world. Daily, the news is pouring in regarding the no of fatalities regarding this disease. In countries like Spain and Italy, entire villages have been wiped out due to this disease. Now, if you are new to this topic, let us give you the entire perspective regarding this calamity.
What is exactly the definition of coronavirus?
Coronavirus is an infectious disease, which is caused by a group of the virus in mammals including humans and birds. The virus when observed by a microscope, has a fringe of gigantic, surface projections, leading to an image of looking at that of the crown. In humans, COVID-19 will cause mild respiratory disease and recover without any special cure. For aged people, who already have serious diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, the ramifications are much more serious and might include death too. Four major types of coronaviruses occur.
- Coronavirus OC43
- Coronavirus HKU1
- Coronavirus NL63
- Coronavirus 229E.
The two most dangerous forms of disease which have occurred in the recent past include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ( SARS ) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome ( MERS ). SARS broke out in several countries in the whole world including Asia in the year 2003. A record no of people were affected, the figure is around eight thousand. It is estimated that around ten percent of them succumbed to this disease.
A new type of virus known as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome ( MERS ), was detected in September 2012. But, it spread like wildfire, when an individual who traveled to the Middle East, caught the disease and then made trips to four hospitals in Seoul, in South Korea, for curing his illness. By December 2019, there were around 2468 cases of MERS and out of them, 851 people succumbed to the illness, giving it a very high casualty rate.
The most recent outbreak of Coronavirus occurred in Wuhan China, in December 2019. There was a Pneumonia epidemic, which was traced to coronavirus. It was named as COVID-2019 by WHO. Till today, it has spread across the whole world like an epidemic with around 14641 fatalities and more than 336000 people affected. Doctors say that the virus is similar to the coronavirus originating from the bats. Many countries like India have issued total lockdowns and banned international flights from coming in their countries, to combat the disease. The South Asian leaders have proposed to make a common team which will consist of health personnel from all the SAARC member states to fight this disease.
In animals, coronavirus causes a variety of diseases. For example, in hens and chickens, the most common form of the virus is the infectious bronchitis virus, which affects both the urogenital tract and the respiratory tract. The entire body of the chicken can get affected by the virus. Other very important diseases that affect whole animals, consist of bovine coronavirus and porcine coronavirus. This leads to diarrhea in the entire animal. In cats, there is mild enteritis known as Feline coronavirus, whereas in turkeys, there is turkey coronavirus. A very common and fatal disease, which is causing a large no of casualties in European rabbits is rabbit enteric coronavirus. Also, in ferrets, there is a very common form of the disease known as ferret enteric coronavirus.
The reason behind the rise of coronavirus
One of the major reasons behind the rise of coronavirus is due to the sale and consumption of illegal wildlife, like pangolins in the city of Wuhan in China. The first fatalities and casualties were reported from Wuhan. Since this is a very infectious disease, then it spread rapidly among crowds and into public places.
Symptoms of coronavirus
In humans, COVID-19 has a wide variety of symptoms. It is a respiratory disease, in which infected people will develop moderate to mild symptoms and recover without doing any special treatment. Aged people, who have crossed 60 years of age and are already suffering from various diseases have a much higher chance of catching these diseases. The most common form of symptoms consist of are as follows:
- Dry cough.
- Pains and aches.
- Sore throat.
- Nausea, diarrhea and running nose.
- How to stay safe from coronavirus.
There are various ways, by which you can stay safe from coronavirus. As of today, there is no vaccine available to cure the coronavirus. But there, goes a famous saying “ Prevention is better than cure.” However, a lot of efforts are being made in this field, to develop a new vaccine. Till then, you must follow these safety tips to stay safe.
- You should wash your hands regularly with water and soap, or always clean your hands with the alcohol-based rub.
- You should keep a 1-meter distance from yourself and people who are into sneezing.
- Do not touch your face.
- Ensure, that you always cover your nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing.
- If you not feeling well, then you should remain at home and not go to your workplace.
- You should avoid smoking, which will lead to weakness in your lungs.
- Always maintain distance by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from crowds and groups.
Latest updates on Coronavirus
Since, countries all over the world are battling this major epidemic, which is deemed to be a major human catastrophe, since the Second World War, here are the following updates.
- In India, COVID- 19 cases have risen to 415. Supreme Court has ordered the closure of all physical courtrooms. The CM of Maharashtra has ordered people not to bring cars and vehicles on to the streets. Section 144 is being imposed which will prohibit from holding gatherings for more than 5 people till 31 March in the state.
- In a significant move, Japan said that it might postpone Tokyo Olympics 2020, till the situation normalizes. Also, Canada announced that it will boycott the Olympics in 2020.
- In the United States, 340 people have died and 26,747 people have been affected.